La Grande Illusion – A Grande Ilusão

Nuno Crato

Resumo


A recente pandemia tornou evidentes para quase todos nós as grandes vantagens do ensino presencial e as grandes limitações do ensino remoto. Mas vale a pena revisitar um pouco as ilusões que estavam por detrás de alguma encomiástica defesa do ensino remoto, pois esse debate, que hoje encontra suporte em dados científicos, pode levar-nos a melhorar tanto o ensino presencial como a minorar inconvenientes do ensino remoto. Essa melhoria é tanto mais importante quanto a pandemia nos trouxe atrasos ou mesmo retrocessos no esforço educativo. Com base em investigação científica muito recente, defende-se neste artigo que a resposta aos inconvenientes da pandemia não pode ser apenas manter os estudantes ocupados e em contacto com a escola e a aprendizagem. A resposta deve ser acelerar o ritmo e a qualidade da educação. Para o fazer, é ainda mais importante prosseguir um currículo exigente e ambicioso e proceder a uma avaliação de resultados frequente e rigorosa. Os meios remotos podem ser um complemento valioso do ensino presencial.

Abstract

The pandemic made visible both the great advantages of face-to-face teaching and the great disadvantages of remote learning. It is nevertheless interesting to revisit a few illusions behind some hagiographic defence of remote learning. Today, this debate can be supported by scientific evidence and it can lead to improvements both in the face-to-face and in the remote teaching. These improvements are more than necessary at this moment, as the pandemic brought about serious delays in the learning processes. With support on recent scientific research, this paper sustains that the answer to the pandemic cannot be to just keep students in contact with school activities. The answer ought to be to accelerate the educational pace and to improve the educational quality. For this purpose, we need an ambitious and rigorous curriculum and frequent and reliable student evaluations. Remote learning should not be separated from the general learning process but integrated in it and seen as a complement to face-to-face schooling.

Keywords

Blended learning, digital remote teaching, digital romanticism, pandemic


Palavras-chave


Ensino híbrido; ensino remoto digital; pandemia; romantismo digital

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17346/se.vol28.390

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